Kidney Stones Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment
Kidney stones may be small, and hard crystals of minerals and acidic salt that form inside the kidneys. It causes intense pain to lodge in the urinary tract. Sometimes the small-sized stone may pass automatically or taken some home treatment. But, most of the cases it required to take a professional medical treatment.
The Causes of kidney stones
Most of the time kidney stones are very small sized to remove automatically. But the size also grows as big as golf balls. Lack of water in the body is the primary reason of kidney stones. The possibility increase for those people who drink less water than the daily recommendation. Because the lack of water caused the uric acid. An extremely acidic environment may develop the kidney stones in urine.
Commonly kidney stones found among males than females. Researchers say that the range of the age 35 to 55 is experience kidney stones. Also, the family history may increase the possibility to develop them. If there are no preventative action taken, a previous occurrence increases the risk that will develop the stones again. It shows 60 to 80 percentages patient have the chance to develop them.
Sometimes few medications may raise the threat of developing it. The medicine used for migraine headaches or the drug of topiramate raises the likelihood of developing it. The long-term use of calcium supplements and vitamin D also contribute to the possibility.
Further risk influences for kidney stones contain diets that have high sodium and protein nevertheless obesity, low in calcium, high blood pressure, and a sedentary lifestyle, chronic diarrhea, and inspiring bowel disease.
Symptoms of kidney stones
In general, there is no symptom found until the kidney stone move to the ureter. When symptoms appear, it usually includes:
- Fever, severe pain in the side or groin and vomiting
- Blood or pus in the urine and chills
- Reduced volume of urine excreted and burning feeling in urination
Type of Kidney Stone
Define the kidney stone that you have had: Consult with your doctor to classify your specific kind. It’s important to know that the types specifically to find out the suitable ways to prevent it. Your doctor will checks parathyroid to find out a possible mitigating aspect in the development of kidney stones.
Basically, the unused calcium which is not flushed out with the urine may cause calcium stones and lastly, it combines with supplementary leftover material to form a stone. The calcium oxalate is utmost the common kind of calcium stone. Calcium phosphate stones usually rear but it causes a lot of problems because they have a tendency to be both harder and larger. It makes them more problematic to treat.
After a urinary infection, it may form the struvite stones which are made of ammonia and magnesium.
Too much acid caused the uric acid stones. Reduce to have meat will help to stop the development of these types of kidney stones.
The amino acid may formation of cystine stones. This type of stone is not common and tends of families. Some people inherit huge volumes of it.
Fix your future risk: One’s should consult with their doctor about the risk factors, because you already have had a kidney stone, and already in higher chances to develop it again. Depending on the age, gender and family records with the type of kidney stone, your doctor should set a plan for you to reduce the risks. Most of the time it will changes the regular dietary, include lots of liquid intakes. But in certain cases, surgery or medication need to apply that subject to the situation.
Diagnosis of kidney stones
Numerous different tests can confirm the existence of a kidney stone. A physical checkup may expose the warning sign is a pain in the lower backside. The test of the urine will specify whether there any blood in the urine or not. If found any subsequent infection in the blood tests report that may go with a kidney stone.
The other way to test a CT scan of the abdomen for kidney stones. A CT scan will establish the present situation of the kidneys, bladder, and ureter if any stone exists. Also point out the kidney stone’s location and particular size, whether the blockage exists or not, and the status of other organs in that area such as the pancreas, aorta, and appendix.
To avoid the unnecessary radiation from a CT scan, pregnant women should choose or receive an ultrasound test. After complete the diagnosis, the X-rays used to track the position of the stones.
Prevent Kidney Stones
Intake more liquids: Liquids help to flush out the unused materials from our body that result in the formation of kidney stones. Water is the best liquid which helps to stop kidney stones by keeping to flushed out short of any extra components such as sodium, sugar, or other ingredients found in other drinks. Drink at least 3 to 4 liter of water daily. Avoid the caffeinated beverages, because it will hydrate you.
Avoid salt: Concentrated urine is another cause of kidney stones. Salt can serving to generate concentrated urine and will dehydrate you easily. If it necessary to eat salt then one’s must intake a lot of water afterward to avoid the side effects.
Eat a smaller amount of meat: The other ways to be concentrated urine is the animal proteins. It is one of the major risk factors. So, reduce to take the protein from your daily meal should decrease the likelihood of developing kidney stones.
Eat more fiber: The foods with fiber may help to flush out the waste easily from the body. It helps drop the volume of calcium in the urine. Best sources of fiber include:
- Whole grains like quinoa, bran, or oatmeal
- Prunes and prune juice
- Leafy greens like kale, chard, or spinach
Careful to intake oxalate: To eat calcium and oxalate in the same mean is the best way to maintain the daily diet. Beets, spinach, rhubarb, green peppers, chocolate, beans, peanuts, and tea contain oxalate. Cheese, milk, yogurt, and orange juice are all good forms of calcium. So one’s can combine both of them in their daily meal healthy life and reduce the risk of developing kidney stones.